Hiralal Bhakat College is located in the Rampurhat sub-division of the district of Birbhum in West Bengal. Situated in a backward area, it is a co-education college affiliated to the University of Burdwan. The College has 1.4 acres (5666 square meters) of land and is geographically located in a semi-urban rural area. Situated by the Panagarh-Morgram Expressway, this college is well-connected with the capital and other important places of West Bengal. The College received recognition from the University Grants Commission (UGC) under 2(f) as Hiralal Bhakat College on18th October 1993.
The College came into existence on 20th October 1986 through the initiative taken by a group of eminent academicians and social activists who recognized the importance of higher education in the development of the area. They also realized that it was very difficult and often impossible for the residents of Nalhati and nearby rural areas, mostly of an agricultural and minority background, to attain higher education because of various problems such as the great costs involved in higher study and lack of opportunity. Like all other good initiatives, this effort also experienced various ups and downs. With due affiliation by the University of Burdwan, the college set to impart education in Bachelor of Arts and Commerce in General Courses on and from 1st September 1987. It had a humble beginning with just a number of 57 students of Commerce and with the meagre infrastructure of just two rooms of average size and an office room which also functioned as a library. At about the same time, five full time teachers and a regular Principal were appointed by the Governing Body of the college on recommendation from the West Bengal College Service Commission. Two part-time teachers were also recruited by the college.
The college graduated from the ground floor to the first floor with great and benevolent assistance from the MPLAD Grant of the Hon’ble Member of Parliament of the area, Dr. Ramchandra Dome. At the same time there was also a great demand for admission of girl students belonging to minority community, and this resulted in the college getting affiliation to teach UG General Courses in Arts in History, Political Science and Economics with favours from the then President of the Governing Body of the college, Prof. Amit Kumar Mallick, of the University of Burdwan, who also acted as the Vice Chancellor of the University for some time.
The college progressed in this fashion and with the passage of time, it got affiliation for teaching a variety of subjects like Accountancy Honours, Bengali, English, Sanskrit, History, Political Science, Geography, History and Philosophy Honours. Initially there was a dearth of teachers in the Arts faculty, which was resolved with the recruitment of a number of part-time and guest teachers, but proper sanction of posts was given with the passage of time.
At present, there are some full-time posts vacant in subjects like Economics, Geography, English etc. Today the college is running with fourteen full-time teachers, eight Part-time teachers and fifteen number of guest teachers. There are, in addition, sixteen Non-teaching staff catering to a total of nearly 4000. The college runs on two shifts, day shift and the extended day shift in the morning, with no extra government-sanctioned manpower. The extended day shift for the Arts faculty was introduced in 2005-06 session, and since it is successfully running daily from 7 am to 11 am. And in concordance with the excessive student explosion in the institution, the college authority has taken appropriate measures to increase the number of classrooms, office rooms, library rooms, library books from the meagre college resources and small grants received from various sources. Today, the college has a total number of three buildings, with the latest being constructed with the help of a matching UGC grant under the Xth Plan.